"Indistinguishable from Magic?"
Back in 1959, Feynman dreamt about the new, wonderful properties that would undoubtedly come from being able to choose the atoms and arrange them to create materials. Now technology is precisely addressing the location of multiple types of atoms, molecules and small objects at the nanoscale, bringing about new, highly compact multifunctional materials with emergent properties and behaviors that are indeed pretty wonderful and astonishing. In 1973, Arthur C. Clarke wrote: “Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.” In the last decade we have entered the beginning of the MetaMaterials Age where Arthur would have been intrigued and inspired. Indeed, synthetic metamaterials blur the distinction and bridge the regime in-between engineered microstructured materials with their enhanced conventional properties and multicomponent structured devices that can display novel (and sometimes unexpected) actions (amplification, filtering, sensing, etc.). Such metamaterials open a whole new range of heretofore-unimagined material system behaviors (cloaking, one way signal transmission etc). The fun is just beginning…
Robert M. Westervelt
"Science & Technology Center for Integrated Quantum Materials"
An introduction to our NSF supported Center will be presented. The vision is to create quantum sensors, quantum communication and quantum computers based on quantum materials. Our Center joins faculty groups at Harvard University, Howard University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology with public outreach through the Museum of Science, Boston. The research areas are: Novel van der Waals Heterostructures, led by Philip Kim, Discovery of New Topological Crystals, led by Joseph Checkelskey, Topologically Protected Qubits, led by Amir Yacoby and Pablo Jarillo-Herrero, and Quantum Networks with Engineered Solid-State Quantum Emitters, led by Marko Loncar. Our education program involves a College Network including community and 4-year colleges.
"Seeing Small: There is Plenty Our Eyes Can’t See"
How small can you see? For many centuries, humans have used instruments to surpass the resolution of the human eye, from reading stones to telescopes, optical microscopes and more recently to advanced electron microscopes. Currently, with the increased interest in nanotechnology, sophisticated instrumentation is critical because of their unique ability to provide information at very small scales. In this talk, we will travel through time and discuss the human quest for exploring and understanding our world of tiny dimensions by imaging structures 1000 to 100,000 smaller than the diameter of a human hair. As Henry David Thoreau pointed out: “It is not what you look at that matters, it is what you see”.
Marc Nolla Harvey
"Innovation at Scale in Industry"
Disruptive technologies bring to us the expectation of exponential growth. This is the world of augmented self, augmented economy and augmented Earth enabled through technology.
Big Data, Machine Learning, Blockchain or the Internet of everything transform how we understand and relate to the world around us. Industries transform as they intelligently connect with the uniqueness of each individual, the performance of each asset or the environmental impact of each process. From the Macro world of big data, spatial analysis and the internet of everything we enable understanding at the Micro level. Connected Manufacturing and Additive manufacturing allow us to cost efficiently build these insights into products embedded with relevance, trust and a lower footprint.
"4th Industrial Revolution, Nanotechnology will make it possible"
Delphi has been working on the vehicle’s nervous system of the future for years. We aren’t just focused on one aspect of the vehicle. It’s a holistic approach. A new brain, new sensors, a new way for the car to see think and react.
Driverless car technology is already in our cars, now we are in the advance Engineering phase where we are working on how to pull together the various emerging technologies needed to bring this challenging program to the masses. The same is happening with the 4th Industrial Revolution and it is happening at exponential speed, changing the way we live, work and relate to one another.
…and the Nanotechnology is going to solve the grand challenges of today, integrate, scale and lower the costs. The demand for miniaturized (at the atomic level) and multifunctional systems has been a driving force for the development of Nanotechnology.
"Defining the Safety of Nanotechnology Innovation"
Driving nanotechnology innovation for the future requires compliance to often conservative and rigid legislation. There are several ongoing international regulatory discussions on how to best address nanomaterials in a regulatory context which will impact innovation in all sectors working with nanomaterials. In the European Union, since 2011, a recommended definition of nanomaterials exists and a review of the definition is currently underway where the European Commission (EC) is scheduled to present a revised definition during a public consultation expected to be launched later in 2017. Defining what materials falls under the definition will influence drivers of innovation in the area. Further, the EC is also expected to publish a proposal later in 2017 for modifications of REACH Annexes with regard to nanomaterials.
These discussions present several challenges that impact manufacturers and users of nanotechnologies and nanomaterials as the regulatory uncertainties hampers effective incorporation of innovative materials into products and unlocking of future markets. The impact on innovation and bringing societal beneficial products to the market must be balanced and promoted by asking the right regulatory questions to assess the potential risks of nanomaterials. Nanotechnology will have impact on e.g. service models, process sensoring, product life cycle, value chain communications and occupational aspects that will be influenced by policy and regulation. The application of Safe by Design concepts, grouping and read across are also vital to optimize resources both for innovators, industry and risk assessors.
To date, driver assistance systems are already part of the standard equipment in vehicles. These systems allow the driver to reach his destination in a more relaxed and secure fashion, they warn of traffic congestions, support parking and regulate the distance to other vehicles.
Yet, these systems still rely on the driver and humans are still the leading cause of traffic accidents. Therefore, a higher degree of automation is the key to considerably decreasing the frequency of accidents – and, consequently, to reducing the number of fatalities and the amount of property damage. To address this highly automated-driving functionality, one integral part is the reliable and precise detection of the vehicle’s surroundings, as well as monitoring the driver. In addition to the latter, localization of the vehicle must be available, robust, and accurate to within an inch at all times. Nanotechnology plays an important role reaching these goals. For sensors perceiving the vehicle’s surroundings based on light, operation at the limit of what is physically possible is enabled by e.g. optical coatings. In addition, nanotechnology allows for functional optical surfaces to be specifically tailored to meet the challenging requirements in automated driving. For localizing the vehicle in its surroundings, MEMS (micro electro-mechanical systems) is a key technology.
"Nanotechnology, entrepreneurship and industry evolution"
Existing research shows that new technological breakthroughs become a fertile ground for entrepreneurship, in particular spinoffs. Moreover, leading entrepreneurial firms tend to agglomerate in the same region, becoming a powerful engines of job creation and economic development.
The presentation uses the invention of the semiconductor, and the Integrated Circuit in particular, to characterize and explain the emergence of Silicon Valley as a leading high-tech cluster. It then draws parallels and lessons to nanotechnology, discussing conditions, opportunities and instruments to support the development of a nano based entrepreneurial region.
"The combinatorial effect"
The future of business is rapidly changing given the digital and technology new waves.
On this basis it becomes necessary to understand the combinatorial effect, where new competition rules are coming in place. Despite the growing C-suite awareness, looks like many companies and organizations are not yet prepared on the new challenges, among those: re skilling people, platform companies competition, gaining flexibility and agility. CEOs and C-levels are starting to be concerned on how to make the right choices. The digital enterprise raises many new fundamental questions. Ecosystem, contestable markets, enlarged value chains are in fact becoming the new areas of competition. It then becomes key the activation of a consistent transformation journey: directing it, selecting the right and measurable portfolio of initiatives, putting in place the new organization, infusing new catalysts.
A sustainable future needs direction.
"Invest in Deep Tech in Europe!"
Europe is attractive for VC investors. Valuations are cheaper than those in the USA or China. Consequently, more venture capital is flowing into Europe (from €0.5B in 2006 to €5B in 2016). However, over 95% of this invested capital goes to social media, games, fin-tech, and other similar startups. A miniscule share goes to “Deep Tech” nanotech, semiconductor, optics, clean-tech, materials science, etc. (a.k.a. Key Enabling Technologies or KETs). If we do not change this KET dilemma, our engineering and technological foundations will become hollowed out, and many skilled European jobs will disappear. While Europe’s infrastructure and resources cannot create new KET companies today, we just need to add a few ingredients to get the startup wheels spinning!
Spirit Ventures was formed to address this KET challenge. We initially plan to invest in the Nordic and Baltic regions. However, we see the same need in other parts of Europe. We suggest the formation of a Spirit Ventures Iberia fund, focused on investing in KETs on the Iberian Peninsula. A partnership between public and private resources to develop novel Deep Tech companies in Portugal and Spain!
Luís Miguel Girão
"Integration of artists in innovation processes, what not to do: the lost opportunity of Arts@CERN"
STARTS, the Science, Technology and the Arts initiative of the Digital Single Market of the European Union is changing the global panorama of economic and social innovation through the integration of artists in research and innovation processes. However, to define STARTS is as complex as defining art. A good way to understand art is by excluding what clearly is not art. In a similar way, the Arts@CERN project will be analyzed as an example of something that is not STARTS in order to try to better understand STARTS. The exercise might be particularly interesting to INL as an international legal framework institution performing interdisciplinary research, including the arts, for the benefit of society and economy. Maybe INL can take the opportunity lost by CERN of a leading role in STARTS.
"Architecture and Nano – it’s a small World"
The relationship between Architecture and Nanotechnology is ambivalent, as it is close to each other but distant. Applications which are quite established still range as innovation, on one hand we build with medieval bricks, on the other hand sustainable for the future with the help of smart materials. Construction ranges from newly built high-rises to adaptive re-use and heritage buildings.
Nanotechnology is much more than just a trendy visionary attitude. So, why Nano? Saving resources, which means in an ecological sense energy-efficiency, creating sustainability, enlarged cleaning-intervals. Economic benefits because of less energy costs, reduced costs in facility management and high-comfort should be seen and as a consequence taken profit of.
Architecture can profit highly by using nano-surfaces strategically integrated in future buildings. Actually, nanotechnology is still integrated only by accident – one single product is known by planners or maybe a firm providing such products is involved in the building-process. Regarding today’s possibilities know-how-transfer, which also means in education, is necessary to enable efficient planning in futures intelligent building.
Materials in architecture have been real and authentic before fakes such as laminates etc. have been appeared. Surface has always been closely connected to the material. Now the relationship has changed: surfaces have emancipated from material, are independently functional, no longer depending on the material itself. Clearly defined custom-made functions instead of catalogue-materials with the help of nanotechnology are the result. Visions in architecture become reality, from concrete to foils and sensors, in future‘s smart buildings.
"Social Technologies: merging creativity, science, technology and society to generate effective and scalable solutions"
Since 2009, IPTI is coordinating an experience of promoting human development through integrated actions among art, science and technology in one of the poorest regions of Brazil. For this, the organization focuses on the generation of social technologies in the areas of education, health and creative economy, which make up the pillars of evaluation of the Human Development Index (HDI). Social technologies, in turn, are effective and scalable solutions to social problems, developed in close partnership with communities that experience such problems. In this sense, the members of these communities act not only as mere beneficiaries but as co-researchers. A major challenge is to empower these members and establish a trusting relationship so that they contribute with their local knowledge, which in the case of social technologies is as precious as academic knowledge.
The presentation will show examples of social technologies developed by IPTI in Brazil, addressing issues such as trust, empowerment, scalability and social business opportunities.
Art in the Age of Nanotechnology"
Artists, designers, filmmakers and musicians can be extremely skilled at illuminating scientific process and ideas, and giving audiences powerful metaphors to be able to understand and appreciate science.
This talk will show how curators, working with artists, can give us us lenses that enable us to see the inner worlds of art in the age of nanotechnology. It will begin by introducing ArtScience Museum, an institution in Singapore that explores the interconnection between art, science, culture and technology. The museum illustrates that collaboration between the arts and sciences has the potential to create new knowledge, ideas and processes that enrich both fields. The talk will continue by showing examples of practice by artists working with the microscopic scales of cells, atoms, and even the sub-atomic world.
"Retrospect on Developing Startup Ecology by Korean Government"
The progress of developing startup ecosystem in Korea has been much slower than other competing nations due to the painful experience of dot.com bubbles of early 2000. However, rapid reshaping of incumbent industries resulted from technology convergence and easy access of global market have given new opportunities startups which have been used to be well equipped with the full of great ideas and market agility. It was inevitably seen as an imperative for Korean government to formulate its national economic strategy based on both startup and innovation. “Creative Economy and Innovation” was the key concept that had been executed throughout its local stronghold.
Therefore, this presentation is to introduce and outline; (1) why and what causes the government take the stance of formulating the national economic strategy, (2) what are the key components of the strategy, (3) the results and lesson learnt from the practitioner’s views in the past three years.
"Is The Old Economy Prepared for Future Technology?"
What are the likely economic consequences of coming technology? Are we ready for the economics and, especially, the politics of future technology? There is some evidence, and may fears, that technological progress will bring heretofore unheard-of prosperity accompanied by new and deep forms of inequality. What should we expect? What can we prepare for??
"Benefitting across the board from nanotechnology: the economic challenges"
The impact of nanotechnology on the economic environment, certainly when viewed in a international global context raises many issues of concern. Nanotechnology innovations are likely to bring about structural change in the old, well known Schumpeterian tradition of “creative destruction”, but are also likley to lead to major global and local disruptions in competitiveness, the nature of work, the relevance of skills and access to income. So far, the economic impact has been limited and skewed with a growing gap in efficiency between global frontier firms and the more domestically oriented firms, leading to concerns about a broken knowledge and technology diffusion machine as Secretary General, Angel Gurria of the OECD put it. How to address this apparent breakdown in the trickling down of innovation will be the main topic addressed in this contribution. Particularly in Europe, the failure to diffuse best practices throughout the economy, to let the best firms attract the resources they need to grow, appears a central factor behind the productivity slowdown observed in many Eurozone countries. To what extent do nanotechnology innovations give rise to more concentrated global market structures; to what extent do such innovations increase investment risks; to what extent do they affect income distribution will be questions addressed in the contribution.
Pedro Norton de Matos
"Towards circular economy powered by nature and human technology"
Nature`s "nanotechnology" effectiveness should be a source of inspiration for our development models, namely the Circular Economy based on virtuous cycles with a "zero waste" objective. Mother Nature is a living innovation lab with billions of years, and the natural ecosystems endlessly recombine elements. Many examples proof it and men and technology can play a decisive role for our future.
We need to prove that we are the cleverest on earth t and be humble to recognize that many answers to unsolved problems are at reach if we apply resources to Education and R&D to develop a better world, combining economic competitiveness, social cohesion and environmental excellence.
"Nanotechnology - an Enabler of the Next Production Revolution"
Nanotechnology is a general-purpose technology (GPT), which already enabled numerous product and process innovations, as well as productivity and sustainability enhancements in nearly all existing market sectors. Continuing advancement of nanotechnology requires substantial investment in research and development (R&D) and commercialisation. Investment should be supported by inter- and intra-national collaborations, providing virtual research infrastructures, which allow the sharing of otherwise prohibitively expensive equipment and foster interdisciplinary research ecosystems that are inclusive of academia, governmental research and large and small companies, in order to fully harness nanotechnology’s innovation power in all existing and in potentially new industry sectors. Novel business and innovation-funding models should be developed, which account for the increasing multidisciplinary and the advancing digitalisation of innovation. Regulatory hurdles to the commercialisation of nanotechnology should be removed.
One of the biggest short-term innovation powers of nanotechnology lies in its unique ability to link the digital world with that of macro-scale material discovery, processing and manufacturing. Increasing the rate of discovery and development of new and improved materials is key to enhancing product development and facilitating mass customisation based on emerging technologies. The so-called “digital twin” that accompanies an object of innovation from the stage of material discovery through development, processing and QC to performance evaluation during its application is rapidly becoming a routine tool in highly innovative technology sectors.
"Surviving the Tech Storm”
Nanotechnology will be one of the most important enabling technologies in the coming decades, fuelling development in ICT, new materials, neuro- and biotechnologies to mention a few. To reap the benefits of this transformation, you have to analyse technologies and get the timing right, assess the business implications from an industry, customer and company perspective, and adapt to this new reality.